A laboratory for new mechanisms...
Using both lessons learned and the overall concept of volunteerism as building blocks for multi-stakeholder approaches
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27 Septiembre 2005
Lessons from the volunteer sector, and how volunteers can contribute to the multi-stakeholder approach
Because volunteers operate to a great extent at the local level and in informal settings, their participation in UN processes as a recognized actor is relatively new. However, I believe the roles played and methods developed by volunteers offer important lessons for those seeking to design and implement effective multi-stakeholder processes. The following paragraphs aim to explain the concepts of volunteerism, and to summarize the methods for utilizing volunteers in the information society and how their work fits into a multi-stakeholder approach.
In general terms, volunteers can be defined as individuals who offer their time, skills and experience to carry out a non-obligatory, non-wage activity for the well-being of their neighbors, community or society as a whole. Volunteering takes many forms, from traditional customs of mutual self-help to community responses in times of crisis and joint efforts for relief and conflict resolution.
With the creation of a WSIS Volunteer Family, a range of national and local volunteer organizations got involved in the Summit (footnote 1). Volunteers themselves also participated in the Summit, ensuring the smooth running of many of its aspects.
The very first step for the Volunteer Family was to define the role of volunteers in the information society, in terms of the activities carried out by volunteers and the partners they work with. This was done through:
WSIS participants discovered that volunteer activities held enormous potential to help make the information society a reality across the globe. Furthermore, it became clear that, to be most effective, volunteers would have to rely heavily on multi-stakeholder interactions and partnerships. In the information society, volunteers have played and continue to play a key role in the creation and development of software applications (open source software, contents development, etc.). In fact, some of the key components of the information society are, to a great extent, a product of volunteer effort. Well-known examples include Internet protocols and the World Wide Web itself.
Volunteers are also helping to reduce the digital divide, both within and between countries, through human capacity-building and literacy programs. They train people and help them apply specific ICTs to their particular development needs. They also raise awareness about the possibilities of these technologies (e.g. by providing outreach to local users in community telecenters).
Furthermore, volunteers can facilitate the production and dissemination of local content, enhancing the cultural and linguistic diversity of ICTs. Volunteers can help train ICT trainers, but also get training themselves by exchanging knowledge. In the context of a developing country, this increases the critical mass of qualified ICT specialists available locally, and reduces the dependency on personnel coming from abroad.
While volunteerism largely happens in the informal and non-profit sector, multi-actor partnerships can strengthen and enhance it. One such form is employee volunteering, building partnerships between the volunteer sector and the private sector. "Employee volunteering" or "employee engagement" may be described as the giving of employees' time and skills to the benefit of the communities in which they operate. This is done through a three-way partnership between the employer, employee and the beneficiaries of the volunteer effort. Forms of corporate volunteering can increase the chances for youth on the labor market, as employees or even as entrepreneurs, setting up, for example, local cybercafÃ©s. Private, public and voluntary-sector organizations constitute an enormous reserve of resources, skills and expertise, which can be called on to support local schools, communities and organizations. Businesses that support employee volunteering, on the other hand, benefit from a much-improved public image, and better-skilled and motivated employees.
New forms of volunteering have emerged through the availability and use of ICTs. One such application is Online Volunteering (also referred to as e-volunteering), a new way to collaborate through the Internet, with a different continent or in one's own city. In this way, volunteers translate documents, create Internet sites for non-profit organizations, and advise local communities through online fora and chat facilities on technical issues related to ICTs, regardless of the distance between partners, often combining onsite and online collaboration. Here again, multi-stakeholder partnerships are frequently developed and applied, involving people who are commonly excluded from the workforce, such as homebound individuals and people with disabilities.
As one of the main outcomes of the work achieved by the WSIS Volunteer Family, the Volunteer Action Plan presented in plenary in December 2003 is built on a multi-actor approach and designed to: (1) strengthen the contributions of volunteering to transform the information society into a society of shared knowledge accessible to all, and (2) improve the way in which volunteers and volunteer organizations make use of these technologies. This in itself uses a multi-stakeholder approach to move forward, for example in the framework of programs and organizations such as Geekcorps (www.geekcorps.org), Netcorps (Cyberjeunes) (www.netcorps-cyberjeunes.org) or the CyberVolunteers partnership-based Program (www.cybervolunteers.info).
Publicado: 2006-11-06 Actualizado: 2008-11-11